Study of solar photovoltaic and different type of cooling system used in photovoltaic solar system

Abstract: Cooling the working surface is a critical operational issue to consider while running solar photovoltaic systems for efficiency improvements. Proper cooling can boost electrical conversion efficiency while also slowing the rate of cell breakdown over time, extending the life of solar modules. This report provided an overview of different approaches that used for minimizing the adverse effects of higher temperature and trying to upgrade the power output production performance of solar photovoltaic panels running above the Standard Test Conditions’ recommended temperature (STC). Enhancing the performance of photovoltaic solar panels via make use of phase-change materials; with water immersion cooling method; Solar PV panel cooled by employing nanofluid; Hybrid solar Photovoltaic/Thermal system cooled by forced air circulation; and Solar panel with Thermoelectric cooling process are all mentioned. A number of research publications are evaluated and classified based on their emphasis, contribution, and solar panel cooling technology. This study found that any suitable cooling technology for solar panels should keep the operating surface temperature low and steady, be simple and reliable, and, if possible, allow the utilization of extracted thermal heat to improve total conversion efficiency. The result of this paper is discussed in detail in the conclusion section.