A Comprehensive Survey on Network Management Protocols and Operating Systems in Wireless Sensor Networks

Author(s): T.T. Manikandan

Abstract: Network management is a sufficiently general term to incorporate numerous things. Network management is the way towards overseeing, checking, and controlling the conduct of a network. Wireless sensor networks pose unique challenges for network management that make traditional network management techniques impractical to implement for wireless sensor network. A network management system designed for WSN should provide a set of management functions that integrate configuration, operation, administration, security and maintenance of all elements of sensor network which must be carefully multiplexed by the operating system and protocols that are efficient in energy consumption and allocation of computational needs while discovering neighbours, forming the networks, delivering the data and fault recovery. This paper gives an extensive overview of various network management models and protocols as well as the broad range of specialized operating systems for wireless sensor networks which plays a major role in effective management of wireless sensor network resources.