Study On Replacement of Bitumen Partially with Waste Cooking Oil and Engine Oil in Bituminous Concrete

Author(s): Irtiza Khurshid, Neeraj Kumar

Abstract: Bitumen is defined as a gelatinous viscid mixture of hydrocarbons attained naturally or as a residue from petroleum refinement which is used for pavement materialisation and roofing. Bitumen is employed as a binder for flexible pavements throughout the globe. Though bitumen is non-hazardous under normal conditions but when heated it becomes toxic and has consequences of environmental degradation. Also, bitumen being a product of non-renewable source of energy i.e. petroleum will led to depletion of petroleum reserves. It is a key challenge in highway industry to scale back the dependence on fossil fuels & to recycle the highway waste. The asphalt industry is undoubtedly a sector that contains a sustainable environmental impact, one amongst the main component being binder, bitumen, which is produced from petroleum. Bitumen generation results in enormous amounts of carbon dioxide emission which causes hazardous environmental impact. This research work is about the employment of waste oils as the alternative binders. The waste oils employed are waste cooking and waste engine oil. These are studied and analysed as a step towards sustainable environment. This project work will provide an alternative or modified binder as well as will serve with the better way for safe disposal of waste oils generated. Thus, this project is beneficial concerning both the environmental aspects of alternative binder and safe disposal of waste oils.