Design of Regenerative Braking for Different Types of Vehicles

Abstract: The trend showing the rise in electric vehicles is prominent and here to stay. Much more so, in the next decade electric vehicles may enter economical, mass-manufacturing market with dependable charging infrastructure in majority countries. As range being an important parameter for electric vehicles, we see many EV manufacturers incorporating a new form of braking system, called ‘Regenerative Braking System’(RBS). Simply said, RBS converts kinetic energy back into electric energy, all while stopping the vehicle. This paper summarizes the different approaches taken while designing and implementing RBS based on vehicle types like Minivans, Compact vehicles, busses, heavy duty vehicles, air hybrid engines, four wheel independently actuated electric vehicles, etc.